…behind the word

Ελληνικά (Ellēniká)

Origin of the word: ABBOT/ABBESS

Abbot /masculine noun, plural: abbots/ (English): before 900

Abbess /feminine noun, plural: abbesses/ (English): 1275-1325

> In another languages:

  • Abad (m)/Abadesa (f) (Español)
  • Abade (m)/Abadessa (f) (Português)
  • Abt (m)/Äbtissin (f) (Deutsch)
  • Abbé (m)/Abbesse (f) (Français)
  • Abate (m)/Badessa (f)(Italiano)

> From:

Abbot:

  • Old English abbod:  abbot.
  • Lat. abbas, abbātis: abbot, (religious) father.
  • Gr. ἀββᾶ (‘a·bba), ἀββᾶς (‘a·bbas): abbot, (religious) father.
  • Syriac ܐܒܐ (‘a.bā): father, abbot (it’s first used with this sense in the Syrian monasteries).
  • Aramaic אבא (‘a·bā): father.

Abbess:

  • Old French abbesse, abaesse: abbess. This word replace the Old English one that had came directly from Latin.
  • Old English abadisseabbodesse: abbess.
  • Lat. abbātissa: abbess, (religious) mother (feminine of abbas).
  • Gr. ἀββᾶ (‘a·bba), ἀββᾶς (‘a·bbas): abbot, (religious) father.
  • Syriac ܐܒܐ (‘a.bā): father, abbot (it’s first used with this sense in the Syrian monasteries).
  • Aramaic אבא (‘a·bā): father.

> Meaning:

  • Present: A man who is in charge of a monastery (m)/a woman who is in charge of a convent (f) (Cambridge Dictionary). A man who is the head of an abbey of monks (m)/a woman who is the head of an abbey of nuns (f) (Oxford Dictionary).
  • Original: (Religious) father (m)/(religious) she-father (f).

Origin of the word: ABANDON

Abandon /verb/ (English): 1325-1375

> In another languages:

With the same roots:

  • Abandonar (Español)
  • Abandonar (Português)
  • Abandonner (Français)
  • Abbandonare (Italiano)

With another roots:

  • Verlassen (Deutsch): ver– (out) + lassen (to leave).

> From:

  • Old French (mettre) a bandon: (mettre [put]) + a (to, under) + bandon (jurisdiction, power).

The Old French word bandon, as well as the English word ban, was related to:

  • Old English bannan: to summon by proclamation; to proclaim.
  • Old High German bannan: to command.
  • Old Norse banna: to forbid.
  • Lat. bannum: decree, proclamation, edict.
  • Gr. φάναι (‘pha·nai): to say.

> Meaning:

  • Present: To leave a place, thing or person forever; to stop doing an activity before you have finished it (Cambridge Dictionary). Give up completely; cease to support or look after, desert; allow oneself to indulge in (Oxford Dictionary).
  • Original: To give up to a public ban.

Origin of the word: ENGLISH

English /adjective or noun/ (English): before 900

> In another languages:

  • Inglés (Español)
  • Inglês (Português)
  • Englisch (Deutsch)
  • Anglais (Français)
  • Inglese (Italiano)

> From:

  • Old English Engle (pl.), Englisc (sing.): the Angles (one of the first tribes of Britain).
  • Lat. anglī: the Angles.

There are two hypothesis about the roots of this name (Angles). It probably comes from:

  • Lat. uncus and Grὄγκος (‘on·kos): hook, barb. Because: 1) the Angles used harpoons (barbed weapons) in battle; 2) the Jutland peninsula, the land where the tribe came from was shaped like a fishhook; or 3) they were mostly fishermen.
  • Another theory refers to the Nordic chronicles about the sons of King Humbli: Angul (who became father of the Angles) and Dan (the father of the Danes).

> Meaning:

  • Present: In or relating to the English language; relating to or from England (adjective); the language that is spoken in the UK, the US, and in many other countries; the people of England (noun) (Cambridge Dictionary). Of or relating to England or its people or language (adjective); the West Germanic language of England, now widely used in many varieties throughout the world; the people of England (noun) (Oxford Dictionary).
  • Original: The Angles and their language.

Origin of the word: ABACUS

Abacus /noun, plural: abacuses; abaci/ (English): 1350-1400

> In another languages:

  • Ábaco (Español)
  • Ábaco (Português)
  • Abakus (Deutsch)
  • Abaque (Français)
  • Abaco (Italiano)

> From:

  • Lat. abăcus.
  • Gr. ἄβαξ (‘a·bax): counting board.
  • Hebאבק (ā·’bāq): dust.

> Meaning:

  • Present: A square or rectangular frame holding an arrangement of small balls on metal rods or wires, which is used for counting, adding and subtracting (Cambridge Dictionary). An oblong frame with rows of wires or grooves along which beads are slid, used for calculating (Oxford Dictionary).
  • Original: Board covered with dust to make calculations.

Origin of the word: ETYMOLOGY

Etymology /noun, plural: etymologies/ (English): 1350-1400

> In another languages:

  • Etimología (Español)
  • Etimologia (Português)
  • Etymologie (Deutsch)
  • Étymologie (Français)
  • Etimologia (Italiano)

> From:

  • Lat. etymologĭa.
  • Gr. ἐτυμολογία (e·ty·mo·lo·’gia): ‘ety·mos (true) + ‘lo·gos (word).

> Meaning:

  • Present: The study of the origin and history of words, or a study of this type relating to one particular word (Cambridge Dictionary). The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history; the origin of a word and the historical development of its meaning (Oxford Dictionary)
  • Original: The true meaning of the words.